Estonian Parliamentary Election Preview
Estonians will hit the polls Sunday to vote in parliamentary elections. Here’s a brief preview of what to expect:
Election Basics Basics
- 101 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.
- 12 Multi-member constituencies voting with a representation ranging from 6-12 seats.
- There is a 5% threshold to earn seats.
- 912,565 out of 1,291,170 are register.
- Estonian Reform Party (Eesti Reformierakond) – The center-right, free market liberal party in Estonia. Has held control of the Riigikogu for most of recent history. In spite of a drop off of support since November, the Reform Party received the 25% in the latest (February 25) poll and is most political pundits believe they will win the majority in the upcoming elections.
- Estonian Centre Party (Eesti Keskerakond) – The centralist social liberal party most popular among ethnic Russians living in Estonia. They are the strongest threat to the Reform Party with 25% of the vote.
- Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica (Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit) – The conservative Christian democrat party. In February, polls show a jump in growth of party support from 12% to 21%.
- Social Democratic Party (Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond) – Support for this party has also grown in the past month from 9% to 16%.
- Green Party (Erakond Eestimaa Rohelised)– Polls show support around 4%.
- Peoples Union of Estonia (Eestimaa Rahvaliit) – Agrian party with around 2% support.
- Always into technology, elections in Estonia are no exception. Estonians were able to vote electronically from their homes between 24 February and 2 March using a secure system with an encoded ID card. The latest counts show that about 15% of Estonia’s population or around 140,846 people voted using this system.
We’ll be sure to keep you updated as results come in next week!